Jordan …..officially The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is a sovereign Arab state in the Middle East. Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north, Israel and Palestine to the west. Jordan is strategically located at the crossroads of Asia, Africa, and Europe. The capital, Amman, is Jordan’s most populous city as well as the country’s economic, political and cultural center.
Its major tourist attractions include visiting historical sites, like the worldwide famous Petra (UNESCO World Heritage Site, and one of New Seven Wonders of the World), the Jordan River, Mount Nebo, Madaba, numerous medieval mosques and churches, and unspoiled natural locations (as Wadi Rum and Jordan’s northern mountainous region in general), as well as observing cultural and religious sites and traditions.
Jordan also offers health tourism, which is focused on the Dead Sea area, education tourism, hiking, snorkeling and scuba diving in Aqaba’s coral reefs, pop-culture tourism and shopping tourism in Jordan’s cities. More than half of the approximate 4.8 million Arab tourists in 2009, mainly from the GCC, said they plan to spend their holidays in Jordan.
Main Tourist Destinations
Ancient sites: Petra, Umm Qais, Jerash, Shoubak, Ajlouin, Alkarak, Montreal Crusaders Castle, Shoubak, Qaser Amra, Umm alrasas, Umm Aljmal, Qaser Alkhraneh.
Religious tourist sites: Muwakir Jordan River, Madaba, Mount Nebo.
Seaside sites: Aqaba – The Only shore in Jordan, The Dead Sea is the lowest point on earth, 402 meters (1,319 ft) below sea level.
Nightlife: Jordan, most specifically Amman has emerged as one of the region’s hot spots for nightlife. Alongside Dubai, Beirut, Sharm el-sheik, and Manama. Amman is a premier clubbing destination in the Arab World and the Middle East. The country has seen an explosion in nightlife options ranging from high-end nightclubs and bars in the capital city to world-class raves at the Dead Sea and Wadi Rum.
Natural reserves: Azraq Wetland Reserve, Dana Biosphere Reserve, Mujib Nature Reserve, Shaumari Wildlife Reserve.
- Amman City : (The Capital of Jordan) modern city with numerous ancient ruins
- Salt City: a hillside town near Amman. Its significance as an Ottoman
- Mt. Nebo: mentioned in the Hebrew Bible as the place where Moses was granted a view of the Promised Land
- Madaba City: known for its 6th-century mosaic map of the Holy Land in the Greek Orthodox Church of St. George
- Bethany: the site where Jesus of Nazareth was baptized Saint John the Baptist.
- The Dead Sea a salt lake. The lowest point on earth. Its famously hypersaline water makes floating easy and mineral-rich black mud
- Hammamat Ma’in: Hot mineral Springs and waterfalls
- Wadi Araba Desert – also Valley-: a classic desert sand dunes with palm trees
- Wadi Mujib Nature Reserved – Valley – the breathtaking sandstone canyons – Wet and Dry Trails –
- Wadi Feynan – Valley-: Hiking the most spectacular landscape
- Karak Castle: the largest crusader castles in the Levant. Construction began in the 1140s, under Pagan and Fulk, King of Jerusalem.
- Wadi Ibn Hammad – Valley-: fabulous hike in little gorges full of water springs and hanging gardens
- Jarash City: north of the capital Amman, Inhabited since the Bronze Age
- Ajloun City: a hilly town in the north of Jordan famous of a beautiful pine-forest and olive groves.
- Ajloun Forest Nature Reserve: covers 13 square kilometers. It is dominated by open woodlands of Evergreen Oak, Pine, Carob, Wild Pistachio, and Wild Strawberry trees
- Umm Qais (Gadara): In the northwestern corner of Jordan, in the hills above the Jordan Valley, are the ruins of the Decapolis city of Gadara, now called Umm Qais. … Umm Qais offers beautiful views over the Northern Jordan Valley, the Sea of Galilee, and the Golan Heights.
- Pella (Taqabat Fahl): represents one of ten Decapolis cities that were founded during the Hellenistic period and became powerful under Roman jurisdiction.
- The Desert Castles: are beautiful examples of both early Islamic art and architecture, These are Qasr Kharana, Qasr Amra and Qasr Azraq.
- Shaumari Wildlife Reserve: was established in 1975 by the Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature as a breeding center for endangered or locally extinct wildlife.
- Azraq Wetland Reserve: an oasis for migratory birds, in 1978 and covers 12 square kilometers.
- Dana Nature Reserve: is an area of staggering beauty, history, and biodiversity. The only reserve in Jordan that encompasses the four different bio-geographical zones of the country
- King’s High Way: road running through some of Jordan’s loveliest countryside. It has been the route of north-south trade and the scene of battles since prehistoric times
- Wadi Hasa – Valley-: is a wadi in western Jordan. According to ancient times, it was the boundary between Moab and Edom Kingdoms.
- Mukhawir: A dramatic hilltop and fort knew today as Mukawir, where Salome danced and demanded John the Baptist’s head on a platter.
- Umm ar-Rasas: is an important archaeological site that was declared a World Heritage Site in 2004. Its structures date from the 3rd to 9th centuries and most have not yet been excavated. The site is especially known for its magnificent Byzantine mosaics
- Shoubak Castle: is an early 12th-century Crusader castle in barren surroundings. It is perched on the side of a rocky, conical mountain at 1,300m (4,265ft) above sea level, looking out over fruit trees below.
- Petra City: One of the New Seven Wonders of the World
- Little Petra: also known as Siq al-Barid is an archaeological site located north of Petra
- Wadi Rum Desert: also known as The Valley of the Moon.is a valley cut into the sandstone and granite rock in southern Jordan
- Aqaba City, Jordan’s shore at The Red Sea: is the only coastal city in Jordan. Aqaba location next to Wadi Rum and Petra.